Possible causes of hiatal hernia

The diaphragm is defined as a smooth piece of body tissue that divides the chest in the abdomen. Normally all the internal organs in the stomach are found beneath the diaphragm. The esophagus or food pipe can not reach the belly without the opening inside the diaphragm which hole is known as the rehat.

The hiatus enlarges as we grow older. This enables the upper part of the belly to slide up into the upper body. The section of the abdomen which rises on top of the diaphragm is called the hiatal hernia. The term is derived from the activity of the stomach that moves forward or herniates passing the rehat, thus the term "hiatal hernia."

The origins of hiatal hernia are unique and speculative to every individual, but there are some causes. Improper lifting, difficult coughing bouts intense lifting, quick blows into the abdomen, tight clothes and poor present can contribute to the growth of this dilemma. Improper lifting may be the greatest mechanical reason of this problem. The stomach will be forced into the gullet if atmosphere is not exhaled out from the lungs of the person while lifting.

A hiatal hernia may cause or add to gastro esophageal flow back. This occurs when hernia displaces slightly the sphincter, a circular group of muscles surrounding the base of the gullet. It may cause heartburn also if the part of the stomach that's herniated develops into a reservoir.

Usually, the diaphragm is lined up with the sphincter of the lower esophagus which relaxes in order to enable the liquid and food to flow within the stomach when you ingest. The actual diaphragm puts pressure and props up sphincter to close it when you are not ingesting anything. However, the hiatal hernia lifts up the sphincter over the diaphragm, that reduces the pressure in the valve. This allows the muscle of the sphincter to spread out at the incorrect time, enabling the acid of the belly to back up in the esophagus.